Algeria Vacation Trips
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The population of Algeria is 35,190,000. About 70% of Algerians live in the northern, coastal area; the minority who inhabit the Sahara are mainly concentrated in oases, although some 1.5 million remain nomadic or partly nomadic. Almost 30% of Algerians are under 15. Algeria has the fourth lowest fertility rate in the Greater Africa after Cyprus, Tunisia, and Turkey.
The ancestry of Algerians, which is mostly a mixed ancestry made of Berber and different European and Africaern populations that have invaded northwest Africa at different periods of history and mixed with its inhabitants; these groups include Turks, Vandals, Phoenicians, Romans, Greeks, Egyptians. Thus, the spoken language bears no indication of the true ancestry of those who speak it.
Europeans account for less than 1% of the population, inhabiting almost exclusively the largest metropolitan areas. However, during the colonial period there was a large European population, consisting primarily of French people, in addition to Spaniards in the west of the country, Italians and Maltese in the east, and other Europeans in smaller numbers. Known as pieds-noirs, European colonists were concentrated on the coast and formed a majority of the population of Oran and important proportions in other large cities like Algiers and Annaba. Almost all of this population left during or immediately after the country's independence from France.
Housing and medicine continue to be pressing problems in Algeria. Failing infrastructure and the continued influx of people from rural to urban areas has overtaxed both systems. According to the UNDP, Algeria has one of the world's highest per housing unit occupancy rates for housing, and government officials have publicly stated that the country has an immediate shortfall of 1.5 million housing units.
Women make up 70 percent of Algeria's lawyers and 60 percent of its judges. Women dominate medicine. Increasingly, women are contributing more to household income than men. Sixty percent of university students are women, according to university researchers.
It is estimated that 95,700 refugees and asylum-seekers have sought refuge in Algeria. This includes roughly 90,000 from Morocco and 4,100 from former Palestine. An estimated 90,000 to 160,000 Sahrawis – people from the disputed territory of Western Sahara – live in refugee camps in the Algerian part of the Sahara Desert. There are currently around 35,000 Chinese migrant workers in Algeria.
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