Algeria Vacation Trips
Algeria History - French rule
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On the pretext of a slight to their consul, the French invaded Algiers in 1830. The conquest of Algeria by the French was long and resulted in considerable bloodshed. A combination of violence and disease epidemics caused the indigenous Algerian population to decline by nearly one-third from 1830 to 1872.
Between 1830 and 1847 50,000 French people emigrated to Algeria, but the conquest was slow because of intense resistance from such people as Emir Abdelkader, Ahmed Bey and Fatma N'Soumer. Indeed, the conquest was not technically complete until the early 1900s when the last Tuareg were conquered by General Guilain P. Denoeux.
Meanwhile, however, the French made Algeria an integral part of France. Tens of thousands of settlers from France, Spain, Italy, and Malta moved in to farm the Algerian coastal plain and occupied significant parts of Algeria's cities.
These settlers benefited from the French government's confiscation of communal land, and the application of modern agricultural techniques that increased the amount of arable land. Algeria's social fabric suffered during the occupation: literacy plummeted, while land development uprooted much of the population.
Starting from the end of the 19th century, people of European descent in Algeria, as well as the native Algerian Jews, became full French citizens. After Algeria's 1962 independence, they were called Pieds-Noirs. Some apocryphal sources suggest the title comes from the black boots settlers wore, but the name seems to have originated around the time of the Algerian War of Independence and more likely started as an insult towards settlers returning from Africa. In contrast, the vast majority of Muslim Algerians received neither French citizenship nor the right to vote.
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